3. Eastern Christian Sources for the First Crusade

 

Bar Hebraeus (Bar Ebroyo)  (Syriac)

{1040-1286}

[CE 1:152-3]; wiki

Syriac:

  1. P. Bedjan, Gregorii Barhebræi Chronicon Syriacum, emendatum adnotationibusque locupletatum. Paris 1890

English:  

  1. Wallis Budge (trans.), The Chronography of Gregory Abu'l Faraj ... Commonly Known as Bar Hebraeus, 2 vols (London, 1932). [•pdf]

Gregory the Priest (Armenian) 

{1136-1162} (continuator of Matthew of Edessa)

[CE 2:547-8]

Armenian: 

  1. La Chronique de Matthieu d'Edessa (962-1136)RHC Documents Armeniens 1:151-203 (Armenian with French Trans.)

English: (See Matthew of Edessa below)

  1. Ara Edmond Dostourian (trans.), Armenia and the Crusades, Tenth to Twelfth Centuries: The Chronicle of Matthew of Edessa, (Lanham: University Press of America, 1993) p 241-280 [•pdf]
  • Online NA

Ibn al-Muqaffa’ (Severus/Sawirus) (Arabic +Coptic)

{←1046-1300→}

wiki

History of the Patriarchs of Alexandria (an ancient multigenerational history of the Egyptian Christian Coptic Church)

Arabic: (multi-volume series), with English Translation

  1. Abd al-Masih, Yassa; O. H. E. Burmester; Aziz S. Atiya; Antoine Khater, eds. (1943–1970). History of the Patriarchs of the Egyptian Church, Known as the History of the Holy Church of Sawirus ibn al-Mukaffa', Bishop of al-Asmunin. Textes et Documents. vol II. Cairo. (Arabic text with English translations and notes)
  2. Antoine Khater and O. H. E. Khs-Burmester, History of the Patriarchs of the Egyptian Church, vol. 3, trans.   (Cairo: La Societe d'archeologie Copt, 1968).  (Arabic text with English translations and notes)
  3. Khater, Antoine; O. H. E. KHS-Burmester, eds. (1974). History of the Patriarchs of the Egyptian Church, Known as the History of the Holy Church. Textes et Documents. vol IV.1-2. Cairo.  (Arabic text with English translations and notes)

English: 

  1. Arabic edition above, with parallel English translation.
  2. English Translation only online:

Matthew of Edessa, (Armenian)

{951-1163} 

[CE 3:806-807] 

Armenian:

  1. La Chronique de Matthieu d'Edessa (962-1136)RHC Documents Armeniens 1:1-150 (Armenian with French Trans.)

English:

  1. Ara Edmond Dostourian (trans.), Armenia and the Crusades, Tenth to Twelfth Centuries: The Chronicle of Matthew of Edessa, (Lanham: University Press of America, 1993) [•pdf]
  • Book 1 {951-1051}
  • Book 2 {1051-1191}
  • Book 3 {1101-1134}
  • Book 4 {1135-1162} → Gregory the Priest (continuator)

Michael the Syrian (Syriac)

{1088-1195}

[CE 4:1136-1137]; wiki

Syriac: 

  1. Chabot, J. B.  (tr. and ed.), Chronique de Michel le Syrien, patriarche jocobite d’Antioche (1166-1199), vol. 4, Texte syriaque (Paris, 1910)

     2. Gorgias Press facsimile edition 

French:

  1. J. B. Chabot (tr. and ed.), Chronique de Michel le Syrien, patriarche jocobite d’Antioche (1166-1199), 4 vols. (Paris, 1899-1910)
  • Online: vol. 3 covering the period of the crusades {1088-1195}] [•pdf]

English:

  1. Moosa, Matti  (trans.), The Syriac Chronicle of Michael Rabo (Beth Antioch Press, 2014)
  2. Bedrosian, R. (trans.) The Chronicle of Michael the Great. (English translation of the Armenian abridgment of the original Syriac Chronicle)

Syriac Chronicle (Anonymous) (Syriac) 

{1098-1234}

[CE 4:1136-1137; SCSC 206]

Syriac: 

  1. Anonymi auctoris chronicon ad. A.C. 1234 pertinens, tr. Albert Abouna and J. M. Fiey, Corpus scriptorum Christianorum Orientalium, 354 (Louvain,1974). [•pdf]

English:  

  1. A. Tritton and H. A. R. Gibb (ed. and tr.), “The First and Second Crusades in an Anonymous Syriac Chronicle” Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society, 92 (1933): 69-102, 273-306 [•pdf]

Byzantine Greek sources on the First Crusade

There are only two significant Greek Byzantine sources for the events of the First Crusade:  Anna Comnena (Komnena) and Zonaras.  Anna, daughter of the emperor Alexios is absolutely fundamental.  Zonaras, provides only a brief epitome, with little new information.  

Anna Komnena

{1081-1118}

[CE 1:63] (wiki)  

Greek: 

  1. (1) Leib, B. (ed. and French trans) Alexiade: Regne de I'empereur Alexis I Comnene (1081-1118), 3 vols. (Paris: Societe d'edition les belles lettres, 1937-1976) (critical edition with translation and commentary in French)
  2. (2) Greek text online

English:  

  1.  Elizabeth Dawes (trans.), The Alexiad,  [available online and kindle]

           Online version of Dawes

     2. E. R. A. Sewter (trans.), The Alexiad of Anna Comnena, 2nd ed. (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 2009) [available in •paperback and •kindle]

Zonaras

{1081-1118}

[ODB 3:2229] (wiki)

Greek: 

  1. Zonaras, John, Annales, ed. Moritz Pinder (CSHB, 2 vols.), and vol. 3, ed. Theodor Biittner-Wobst. (Critical edition)

     Online version of volume 3.  

  • Only volume 3 contains discussion of the era of the Crusades
    • Romanus IV Diogenes {1068-1071} = Zonaras 18.10-15 (3:682-707)
    • Michael VII Doukas {1067-1078} = Zonaras 18.16-17 (3:707-717)
    • Nikeporos III Botaneiates {1078-1081} = Zonaras 18.18-19 (3:717-726)
    • Alexios I Komnenos {1081-1118} = Zonaras 18.20-30 (3:726-768)

English: –NA for the period of the crusades

      parallel Latin translation is found in (1) above.  

A History of the Crusades

A History of the Crusades

One of the major resources for the study of the crusades is the six volume, History of the Crusades. It is still in print, in both paperback and hardback.  It is also available online in both pdf format, and searchable ebook.  Here are the volumes, with links to amazon, pdf, and online ebook.  The official digital page is here.  

Setton, K. and M. Baldwin (eds.). A History of the Crusades, Volume I: The First Hundred Years.  1969.

Setton, K., R. Wolff, and H. Hazard (eds.). A History of the Crusades, Volume II: The Later Crusades, 1189-1311. 1969.

Setton, K., and H. Hazard (eds.). A History of the Crusades, Volume III: The Fourteenth and Fifteenth Centuries. 1975.

Setton, K., and H. Hazard (eds.). A History of the Crusades, Volume IV: The Art and Architecture of the Crusader States. 1977.

Setton, K., H. Hazard, and  N. Zacour (eds.) A History of the Crusades, Volume V: The Impact of the Crusades on the Near East. 1985

Setton, K., H. Hazard, and  N. Zacour (eds.) A History of the Crusades, Volume VI: The Impact of the Crusades on Europe. 1989.

Secondary Bibliography on the First Crusade

Here are some of the more useful books on the First Crusade.  In my opinion, the best introduction is Asbridge, The First Crusade.

Asbridge, Thomas (2004). The First Crusade: A New History. Oxford. ISBN 0-19-517823-8.  [no kindle]

Black, Mark.  The First Crusade: A Very Brief History.

Chazan, Robert (1997). In the Year 1096: The First Crusade and the Jews. Jewish Publication Society. ISBN 0-8276-0575-7. [no kindle]

Christie, N.  (2014). Muslims and Crusaders.  

Edgington, Susan B (2014).  Jerusalem the Golden: The Origins and Impact of the First Crusade.  Brepols.  ISBN-13: 978-2503551722 [no kindle]

Edgington, Susan (2012).  The First Crusade.  

France, John (1997).  Victory in the East: A Military History of the First Crusade.  Cambridge.   ISBN-13: 978-0521589871 [•kindle]

Frankopan, Peter (2012). The First Crusade: The Call from the East. Harvard University Press. ISBN 978-0-674-05994-8. [•kindle]

Harris, Jonathan (2014), Byzantium and the Crusades, Bloomsbury, 2nd ed. ISBN 978-1-78093-767-0.  [•kindle]

Hillenbrand, Carole (2000). The Crusades: Islamic Perspectives. Routledge. ISBN 0-415-92914-8. [no kindle]

Kostick, Conor.  The Siege of Jerusalem: Crusade and Conquest, 1099.  

Nicolle, David (2003). The First Crusade, 1096–99: Conquest of the Holy Land. Osprey Publishing. ISBN 1-84176-515-5. [no kindle] (popular history with nice maps and illustrations)

Rogers, R.  Latin Siege Warfare in the Twelfth Century.  (pages 10-64 analyzes the sieges of the first crusade)

Rubenstein, Jay (2015).  The First Crusade: A Brief History with Documents.  Bedford.  ISBN-13: 978-1457629105.  [no kindle]

Rubenstein, Jay (2011).  Armies of Heaven: The First Crusade and the Quest for Apocalypse.  [•kindle] (focuses on apocalyptic and miraculous elements of the crusader movement)

Runciman, Steven (1987). A History of the Crusades: Volume 1, The First Crusade and the Foundation of the Kingdom of Jerusalem. Cambridge. ISBN 978-0-521-34770-9. [no kindle] (classic narrative history)

Smail, R. (1995). Crusading Warfare: 1097-1193.  2nd ed.  [no kindle] (great source for military issues)

Gottschalk's Crusade

A pdf of my "Atlas of the Military History of the Crusades" on Gottschalk's Crusade.

pdf

Here's a video review and discussion of Gottschalk's Crusade

Video